From Pixels to Stitches: How to Convert JPG to PES for Custom Embroidery Digitising

In the digital world, images are created and stored using various file formats. The two most commonly used formats are JPG and PES. While Jpg stands for Join Photographic Expert Group and is widely used for photographs and web images, PES Programmable Embroidery System is primarily utilized in embroidery machines for digitizing.

Let us learn more about a pixel-based image and outline the process of converting JPG files to PES (from pixel to stitches).

What Is A Pixel Base Image And JPG?

Pixel base images are 3D, have various information, and are more realistic. And also has more colors as compared to vector base images. And just because of the various colors, pixel-based images are quite difficult to convert into stitch art. The combination of these pixels forms the whole image. And its resolution is determined by the number of pixels per inch or centimeter. Higher resolution means a sharper image or more detailed image.

JPG is the pixel base file and the most common image file used to convert into embroidery. It is an image you took from your camera or phone or downloaded online. JPG is difficult to convert to embroidery files because of all the lines’ colors and backgrounds. An image with different colors needs more thread changes for embroidery.

JPG is a widely used Lossy compression format for digital images. It reduces the size by selectively discarding image data using a compression algorithm. And this compression technique is called lossy. Because some details of the image were lost completely due to its small and compatible size, it is used and suitable for photographs and web graphics. It is also compatible with various devices and software.

Converting JPG to PES

You don’t need various tools for conversion. There are only two major things you would need.

The first thing you do is an image with the formats like JPG, PNG, or, you can say, pixel base format. And it should belong to you, or you should take it alone to avoid any legal issues.

Because if you want to use an image that does not belong to you, then it is crucial to ask permission to use it, especially if it is copyrighted and you plan to sell your design.

And another thing is you need a free or premium custom embroidery digitizing software to convert JPG to pes file format. There is a lot of software available online, but you need to choose the one that is user-friendly and has the best option for conversion, regardless of whether it’s a free or paid version.

Step 1: Image Preparation

select a suitable JPG image for conversion. Consider the image’s size, color complexity, and level of detail. It’s important to note which format you use and if it is compatible with conversion, especially those with intricate gradients or small text.

Step 2: Image Editing

For image optimization, use image editing software like CorelDraw or  Adobe Photoshop to enhance its clarity, simplify the design, and for color adjustments. It will help you to get clean and recognizable embroidery outcomes.

Step 3: Digitizing the Image

Now it is time to convert the edited image into machine embroidery format. And it is done by using specialized embroidery software. This software traces the lines of the image, selects stitch type assigned threads colors, and determines the stitching pattern. It must be done under the supervision of a professional or experienced person who knows embroidery digitizing techniques.

Step 4: Exporting to PES Format

After the digitizing process is done, it will be exported to the PES format. PES format compatible with Brother embroidery machines. And, any embroidery software programs have the option to export designs in PES format directly.

Step 5: Loading the PES File

Transfer the PES file format to the embroidery machine that is compatible with this file format with the help of any storage device or direct connection. Load your file into the embroidery machine’s software to start your embroidery process. and chuck the machine setup thread color and fabric.


Pixel base images are the foundation of digital imagery, with the JPG format being a popular choice for web graphics and photographs because of its compression capabilities. Converting JPG to PES format for embroidery machines involves careful image preparation, editing, digitizing, and exporting. But this process is done by an expert to get the perfect and stunning embroidery design.

Leave a Comment