Food Poisoning: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Food poisoning or foodborne illness can occur to anyone who swallows infected food. Most humans recover on their own, but in rare cases, the situation can worsen. Pregnant, senior citizens, and weak immune system individuals are at a higher risk as compared to youth who is likely to experience this via dehydration.

What is Food Poisoning?

It is a disease resulting from consuming infected food or beverages. It takes place when a dangerous microorganism, virus, parasite, or toxin finds its way into our digestive system. These unwelcome visitors can wreak havoc, leading to several unpleasant signs. The culprits of meal poisoning may be located in various resources, including undercooked meats, raw seafood, unpasteurized dairy products, unwashed fruits and vegetables, and even improperly handled leftovers.

How Do You Get Food Poisoning?

You get it by eating or drinking infected food, water, or different beverages. Food can become contaminated at any stage of production, from harvesting to storage to cooking or preparation. Contamination takes place while food isn’t always:

  • Fresh
  • Washed properly
  • Handled in a sanitary manner
  • Cooked at  a safe internal temperature
  • Stored at proper temperatures
  • Refrigerated or frozen promptly

Food poisoning occurs anywhere, but it’s mainly easy to get while traveling overseas, where you would possibly come across infectious pathogens that you wouldn’t at home. Therefore, it is sometimes referred to as traveler’s diarrhea.

Talk to your gastro doctor to learn more about food poisoning prevention strategies.

Food Poisoning Symptoms

It helps if you have a clear understanding of food poisoning’s signs and symptoms. They help you manage the issue quickly and safely. These may include the following:

1. Vomiting 

It is a natural response to prevent it. It occurs while your body attempts to expel harmful organisms or pollutants.

Some experience projectile vomiting that subsides fast, similarly,  others vomit intermittently for several days. If you are unable to keep fluids down, seek medical help 

to avoid dehydration.

2. Abdominal Cramps

Abdominal pain resulting from it is felt around the trunk of your body. Harmful pollution irritates your stomach lining, causing cramps when your abdominal muscle tissues remove the organisms.

However, stomachaches and cramps may be caused by different issues other than food poisoning. Therefore, these symptoms alone might not be a signal of food poisoning.

3. Fever and Chills

Chills can occur as your body shivers to raise your temperature. These shivers result from your muscle tissues swiftly contracting and relaxing, which generates heat. They regularly accompany a fever, as pyrogens trick your body into thinking it’s cold and need to heat up.

A fever can arise with many special ailments, including food poisoning, making chills certainly one of its most common signs.

4. Dehydration

Due to the frequent vomiting and diarrhea, people with this disease are vulnerable to dehydration. It’s critical to adjust fluids to avoid further complications.

5. Muscle Aches and Weakness

When you get an infection, like food poisoning, muscle aches are inevitable. This happens because your body releases histamine to widen your blood vessels and allow your white blood cells to fight the infection.

Cytokines and different materials concerned with the immune response can reach other elements of your body, triggering pain receptors and inflicting pain.

6. Headaches

Headaches may accompany food poisoning, including general soreness and unease.

Symptoms of Food Poisoning in Children

Children account for approximately 40% of food poisoning instances. Infants and children under five years old do not have fully developed immune systems. As a result, they’re less capable of combating the bacteria that generally cause it.  

It’s symptoms in infants and youngsters are often similar to symptoms in adults. You may additionally see signs like:

  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Stomach ache
  • Vomiting

When To See a Healthcare Provider

Severe food poisoning or dehydration signs and symptoms warrant a trip to the doctor. An estimated 128,000 people are hospitalized each year because of extreme food poisoning symptoms.  

You should also seek medical help if you are not able to preserve meals or fluids over several days or if you’re pregnant.  

Treatment for Food Poisoning

  • You can typically deal with yourself or your baby at home. Stay at home till the symptoms have stopped.
  • Rest and try to drink plenty of water This will help save you from dehydration.
  • Oral rehydration solutions are available and recommended for dehydrated individuals. 

How to Prevent Food Poisoning

The best way to prevent it is to prepare your food properly and avoid any risky meals.

Some ingredients are more likely to cause it because of the way they’re produced. Infectious agents that might be killed through heat  can be found in certain meals, including:

  • meat
  • fowl
  • eggs
  • shellfish

It can occur if you take these foods in their uncooked form or if hands and surfaces aren’t cleaned after contact.


It can disrupt our daily lives, inflicting discomfort, aches, or even severe infections. By familiarizing yourself with the symptoms, you can quickly identify and cope with this gastronomic danger. Remember to prioritize meal safety, practice proper hygiene, and contact your best gastroenterologist to learn more about it. 


1. Is it normal to get a stomach ache after food poisoning?

These uncomfortable signs and symptoms of food poisoning are your body’s way of trying to get you back to fitness by purging any offending pollutants out of your body. It’s no longer quiet. However, it is genuinely your body looking after you and doing what it has to do to make you healthy again.

2. How does food poisoning compare to a stomach virus?

The signs of a stomach bug will take 12 to 48 hours to develop, while the signs of food poisoning generally develop a good deal faster, commonly within 6 hours of consuming an infected dish. Another common difference between the two is the duration of the illness.

3. Can you have food poisoning without diarrhea?

Diarrhea is typical, though not always, the principal symptom of a bacterial stomach bug. There are many possible causes of gastroenteritis, including viruses, and not every type of stomach flu will result in diarrhea in every person.

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